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玻璃熔窑用黏土质耐火砖的性能、应用及注意事项

作者:耐火砖 日期:2019/11/2 浏览次数:263

  NIANTUZHINAIHUOZHUANSHIYINAIHUONIANTUWEIYUANLIAOSHENGCHANDENAIHUOZHIPIN。ZAIGONGYESHANGSHIYONGSHIFENGUANGFAN。NIANTUZHUANFENWEIPUTONGNIANTUZHUAN、DUOSHULIAONIANTUZHUAN、QUANSHENGLIAONIANTUZHUANHEGAOGUIZHINIANTUZHUANDENGPINZHONG。

  (1) 化学组成

  NIANTUZHUANYOUYUQIYUANLIAOBUTONG,HUAXUECHENGFENDEBIANHUAHENDA。QIZHUYAOCHENGFENSHIAl2O3HESiO2。GEZHONGCHENGFENDEDAZHIFANWEIRUXIA:Al2O3 30%〜46%、SiO2 50%〜70%、Fe2O3 1.0%〜3.0%、TiO2 1.0%〜2.5%、(R2O+RO)1.0%〜4.0%。LINGWAIYOUYIZHONGBANSUANXINGNIANTUZHUAN,QICHENGFENWEI:AI2O3 11%〜16%、SiO2 81%〜85%、Fe2O3 1.0%〜2.0%、(R2O+RO)1.0%〜3.0%。

  (2) 晶相组成

  NIANTUZHUANJIEJINGZHUYAOSHIMOLAISHI3Al2O3·2SiO2(Al2O371.8%、SiO228.2%)YUSiO2JIEJING。SiO2JIEJINGYIFANGSHIYINGWEIZHU,BINGYOUSHAOLIANGLINSHIYING。BOLIXIANGZHUYAOSHIAl2O3、SiO2HESHAOLIANGQITAYANGHUAWU。CONGXIANGTUDELILUNZHIJISUANCHU,DANGAl2O3 35%SHI,MOLAISHIYUSiO2JIEJINGGEZHAN50%。SHIJISHANG,YOUYUZHUANZHONGFe2O3、R2ODENGZAZHICUNZAI,SHIMOLAISHISHENGCHENGLIANGJIAOSHAO。ZHEIYIBUFEN

  Al2O3、SiO2HEQITAGEZHONGYANGHUAWUZUCHENGLEBOLIXIANG。BOLIXIANGDEHANLIANGSHOUYUANLIAOZHONGLEI、HUAXUEZUCHENG、SHAOCHENGTIAOJIANYINGXIANGHENDA。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,SiO2、Fe2O3、R2OHANLIANGGAOSHIBOLIXIANGDUO。

  (3) 黏土砖的性质及应用

  NIANTUZHUANDEKANGREZHENXINGJIAOHAO,BODONGFANWEIDA,YIBANJUNDAYU10CI(1100℃SHUILENG),ZHEIYUNIANTUZHIPINDEXIANZHANGXISHUZHIBUTAIDA(20〜1300℃ZHIJIANDEPINGJUNXIANZHANGXISHUWEI4.5×10-6〜5.8×10-6/℃)、YOUWUDUOJINGZHUANBIANXIANXIANGJIJUYOUMINGXIANKELIJIEGOUZUZHIYOUGUAN,YINCINIANTUZHUANZAIBOLIYAOLUZHONGCHANGYONGZUOCHIDIDAZHUAN。

  NIANTUZHIPINSHUYURUOSUANXINGDENAIHUOZHIPIN,SUISiO2HANLIANGZENGJIAQISUANXINGZENGQIANG。TADUISUANXINGJUYOUYIDINGDEQINSHIDIKANGNENGLI,ERDUIJIANXINGQINSHIDIKANGNENGLIJIAOCHA。YINCINIANTUZHIPINYIYUYONGZUOSUANXINGYAOLUDENAIHUOCAILIAO。BOLIYAOYONGDAXINGNIANTUZHINAIHUOZHUANSHIZHIQIZHUBOLIYAOYONGDEDANZHONGBUXIAOYU50kgDENIANTUZHINAIHUOZHUAN。YEJINXINGYEBIAOZHUN(YB/T5106—1993)JIANGNIANTUZHINAIHUOZHUANANLIHUAZHIBIAOFENWEIN-1、N-2a、N-2b、N-3a、N-3b、N-4、N-5、N-6BAZHONGPAIHAO。GAIBIAOZHUNHAIDUIZHUANDEDUANMIANCENGLIEDENGZUOLEXIALIEGUIDING。

  ①ZHUANDEDUANMIANCENGLIEZHANGDUXIAOYU400mmDEZHUAN:CENGLIEKUANDU0.26〜0.50mmSHI,ZHANGDUBUDAYU40mm;CENGLIEKUANDU0.51〜1mmSHI,ZHANGDUBUDAYU25mm。ZHANGDUDAYU400mmDEZHUAN:CENGLIEKUANDU0.26〜0.50mmSHI,ZHANGDUBUDAYU80mm;CENGLIEKUANDU0.51~1mmSHI,ZHANGDUBUDAYU50mm。

  ②CENGLIEKUANDUXIAOYU0.25mmDELIEWEN,ZHANGDUBUXIANZHI。

  ③DUANMIANSHANGBUDEYOUDAYU1mmDEKONGXIYULIEWEN。

  (4)黏土砖使用注意事项

  ①BUTONGCHENGXINGFANGFASHENGCHANDENIANTUZHUANZHIPINXINGNENGBUTONG

  CHUGAOYACHENGXINGFANGFAWAIDEGEZHONGCHENGXINGFANGFASHENGCHANDENIANTUZHUANZHONG,JIEHEWUHANLIANGDOUBIJIAODUO,YINERSHAOCHENGWENDUBUNENGTAIGAO。ZHEIZHONGZHUANHEZHONGRUANHUAWENDUDI、ZHONGSHAOSHOUSUODA、QIKONGLVGAO。NIJIANGJIAOZHUFAHEGAOYACHENGXINGFASHENGCHANDENIANTUZHUANZUZHIJIEGOUBIJIAOJUNYUN。ERQITACHENGXINGFANGFASHENGCHANDENIANTUZHUANZUZHIJIEGOUBUJUNYUN,HUICHUXIANCENGZHUANGJIEGOU、ZAOCHENGFANGXIANGXINGKAILIEJINEIBULIEWENDENGWENTI。

  ②GULIAOYUJIEHEWU

  YIBANJIEHENAIHUOCAILIAOGULIAOYUJIEHEWUDEKANGQINSHIXINGBUTONG。GULIAOKANGQINSHIXINGBIJIEHEWUHAO。ZHEILIANGZHEKANGQINSHIXINGCHABIEJIAODASHI,JIEHEWUSHOUXIANBEIQINSHI,CONGERZAOCHENGZHENGGENAIHUOCAILIAODEPOHUAI。DANSHIWEILEZHIDEQIKONGLVDIDENIANTUZHUAN,CHANGZAIJIEHEWUZHONGJIARUSHAOLIANGSHIYINGHER2O。ZHEIYANGNIANTUZHUANDEJIXIEQIANGDUZENGJIA,DANYEZAOCHENGLEJIEHEWUKANGQINSHIXINGXIAJIANG。

  GENJUZHEIYITEDIAN,ZAIRONGYAODEBUTONGBUWEI,YOUYUQINSHITIAOJIANBUTONG,KEYIXUANYONGBUTONGNIANTUZHUAN。XURESHIXIABULUTIAOXUANJIXIABUGEZIZHUAN,SHOUDAOPEIHELIAOFENCHENHEHUIFAWUDEQINSHIBIJIAOXIAO,WENDUYEJIAODI,FUHEZHONGDA,ZHUYAOYAOQIUJIXIEQIANGDUGAO。YINCI,ZHUANZHONGJIEHEWUKEYIHANYOUSHILIANGDESiO2、Fe2O3、R2O。DANSHIYONGYUGAOWENBUWEIDENIANTUZHUAN,ZHUYAOYAOQIUNAIHUODUGAO,QIJIEHEWUZHONGHANZAZHISHAO。

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