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什么是轻质耐火砖,如何选用?

作者:耐火砖 日期:2019/8/9 浏览次数:377

  SUIZHEKEJIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,SHIMIANSHANGCHUXIANDEXINCHANPINYUELAIYUEDUO,WOMENHUIYUDAODEDONGXIYEYUELAIYUEFENGFU,TIGONGJIWOMENGENGDUODEXUANZEJIHUI.DANGWOMENXUYAOYONGDAOYIYANGDONGXISHI,YAOXIANLEJIETASHISHENME,YOUSHENMEYONG,HAOBUHAOYONGDENGYIXILIEXIANGGUANZHISHI.XIAMIANWOMENYIQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANWEILI,JIANGJIANGTASHISHENMEJIXIANGGUANZHISHINEIRONG.

  SHENMESHIQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANSHOUXIANCONGMINGCHENGDEDINGYILAILEJIE,MIDUXIAO、ZHONGLIANGJIAOQING、DAOREXISHUDIDENAIHUOZHIPIN,SHIZUOWEIGEREBAOWENYONGDE.LIRU:ZHANTUBAOWENZHUAN、GAOLVJUQINGZHUAN、MOLAISHIBAOWENZHUAN、PIAOZHUZHUAN、YANGHUALVKONGXINQIUZHUANDENGDENGDOUSHUYUQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANZHIPIN.

  GONGYEYAOLUQITIXURESUNSHIHELUTIBIAOMIANSANRESUNSHI,YIBANYUEZHANRANLIAOXIAOHAODE24~45%.YONGREDAOLVDI、RERONGLIANGXIAODEQINGZHIZHUANZUOLUTIJIEGOUCAILIAO,KEJIESHENGRANLIAOXIAOHAO;TONGSHI,YOUYUYAOLUKEYIKUAISUSHENGWENHELENGQUE,NENGTIGAOSHEBEISHENGCHANXIAOLV;HAINENGJIANQINGLUTIZHONGLIANG,JIANHUAYAOLUGOUZAO,TIGAOCHANPINZHILIANG,JIANGDIHUANJINGWENDU,GAISHANLAODONGTIAOJIAN.

  一、轻质耐火砖定义:

  YIBANZHIMIDUXIAOYU1.3×103Kg/m3DENAIHUOZHUAN.QINGZHI,JIUSHIZHICHUZHEIZHONGNAIHUOZHUANDEZHILIANGQING.

  二、轻质耐火砖具有以下特点:

  1、MIDUXIAO,ZHONGLIANGQINGBIAN,NENGJIANQINGLUTIZHONGLIANGJIANHUAYAOLUGOUZAO;

  2、QIKONGLVGAO,DAORELVXIAO,BAOWENXINGHAO,KEJIESHENGRANLIAOXIAOHAO,TIGAOSHEBEISHENGCHANXIAOLV;

  3、LIXUEQIANGDUDI,BUNENGYONGYUCHENGZHONGJIEGOU;

  4、NAIMOXINGCHA,BUYIYONGYUYULULIAOJIECHU、MOSUNYANZHONGDEBUWEI;

  5、QIKONGLVJIAODA,BUNENGYONGYUZHIJIEJIECHURONGZHAHEYETAIJINSHUBUWEI.

  QINGZHINAIHUOZHUANZHONGLIANGQINGBAOWENGERE,DANQIANGDUBUGAONAIMOXINGCHA,BUNENGJIECHUGAOWENHUOYAN;ZHONGZHINAIHUOZHUANZHONGLIANGZHONG,BAOWENGERENENGLICHA,DANQIANGDUGAONAIMOXINGDA,NAIGAOWEN.ZAIQIZHUGAOWENSHEBEISHI,KEYIGENJUXUQIUJIEHESHIJIQINGKUANG,JIANGQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANYUZHONGZHINAIHUOZHUANANZHAOSHEJIFANGAN,JIEHEQILAISHIYONG,JIANGHUIDADAOLIANGHAODEXIAOGUO,HUITISHENGSHEBEISHIYONGSHOUMINGYUSHIYONGXIAOLV.

  三、轻质耐火砖的出产办法

  (1)KERANTIANJIAWUFA,JIZAIPEICAIZHONGCANJIAMUXIEHUOJIAOFENZHILEIRONGYISHAODIAODEKERANWU,DANGZHUANSHAOCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGKERANWUSHAODIAO,JIUZAIZHUANNEILIUXIAHENDUOKONGXI,ZHEISHICHANGYONGDEBANFA;

  (2)PAOMOFA,JIZAIPEICAIZHONGCANJIASONGXIANGZAODENGQIPAOJI,RANHOUSHAOCHENGDUOKONGDEZHIPIN;

  (3)HUAXUEFA,ZAIPEICAIZHONGCANJIAMOUZHONGWUZHI,NENGFASHENGQIPAODEHUAXUEFANYING,LIRUBAIYUNSHIHUOFANGMEISHIJIASHIGAO,YIXILIUSUANZUOFAPAOJI,FASHENGHENDUOCO2,DANGJIJIAOZHUCHENGXING,KUZAOHOUSHAOCHENG.QINGZHINAIHUOZHUANYUYIBANXIANGTONGYUANLIAODENAIHUOZHUANDENAIHUODUXIANGCHABUDA,HEZHONGRUANHUADIANZELVEDI.

  QINGZHIZHUANJIARUZHANGQIZAIGAOWENXIAYUNYONGSHI,HUIJIXUSHAOJIEBUDUANSUODUAN,XINGCHENGLIEWENNAIZHISUNHUAI.SUOYIDUOSHUQINGZHIZHUANYOUYIGEYUNYONGWENDUDEWENTI,RUQINGZHIZHANTUZHUANDEZHIYAO1150℃,GAODEKEDA1400℃,QINGZHIGAOLVZHUANBUCHAOYUE1350℃,QINGZHIGUIZHUANZEKEDA1600℃.YOUYUQINGZHIGUIZHUANBUCUNZAIGAOWENSUODUANDEWENTI,TIJIBIJIAOWENDING,YINERNENGYONGYIQIZHUZHIJIEYULUQICHUMODENEICHEN.

  QINGZHINAIHUOZHUANDEKANGZHAGONGNENGJIAOCHA,SUOYIQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANBUNENGZHIJIEHERONGRONGJINSHUJIRONGZHAXIANGCHUMO.ZHEIZHONGZHUANDEJIXIEQIANGDUJINAIMOXINGYESHAOCHA,BUSHIHEYONGYUGAOSUQILIUCHONGSHUAHEHONGDONGDADEBUWEI.YUQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANGONGYILEISI,ZAINAIHUOHUNNINGTUPEICAIZHONG,CANJIAQIADANGQIPAOJI,NENGGOUZHICHENGQINGZHINAIHUOHUNNINGTU,TIJIMIDUZHIYAOZHANTUZHUANDEERFENZHIYI,DAOREXISHUSHIZHANTUZHUANDESANFENZHIYI.JIARUYONGZHISHIHUOTAOLIYILEICAILIAOZUOGULIAO,ZEMIDUJIDAOREXISHUGENGDI.

  四、选用轻质耐火砖注意事项

  1.工作温度,也就是长期使用温度.

  TAYUGERENAIHUOZHUANDEZUIGAOSHIYONGWENDUYOUGUAN.ZAIGUOWAIBIAOZHUNZHONG,ZUIGAOSHIYONGWENDU(JIFENLEIWENDU)SHIZHILIANXUBAOCHI24hQIZHONGSHAOXIANBIANHUABUDAYU29DESHIYANWENDU,DANZHEIGEWENDUBUNENGZUOWEIGERENAIHUOZHUANDEGONGZUOWENDU.TONGCHANGGUOWAIDEZUOFASHI:GONGZUOWENDUDENGYUFENLEIWENDUJIANQU10%FENLEIWENDUZAIJIAN40℃.LIRUJM26DEGONGZUOWENDU(℃)=1430-10%*1430-40-1247℃.

  YOUYUWOGUOZHONGSHAOXIANBIANHUADESHIYANFANGFAZHONGWEIQUEQIEBIAOMINGQIBAOWENSHIJIANWEI24h,YINCIZAIXUANCAIJIANYANQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANZHONGSHAOXIANBIANHUASHI,ZHUMINGWEI24h,BINGANASTMC210JINXING.

  2.耐压强度

  NAIHUOCAILIAOTONGCHANGSHIKAOYEXIANGERCHANSHENGQIANGDU,QIANGDUGAOJIUYIWEIZHEZAISHAOCHENGWENDUXIAPITINEICHANSHENGDEYEXIANGLIANGDUO.ZHEIXIEYEXIANGLENGQUEZHISHIWENDABUFENYIBOLIXIANGCUNZAI,CUIXINGDA,SHICAILIAODEREZHENWENDINGXINGJIANGDI,YINCIQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANXUANCAISHIBUYINGDUINAIYAQIANGDUTICHUGUOGAODEYAOQIU.DUIPINGDIAODINGGUNDAOYAOERYAN,QIQIANGTIQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANZHUYAOCHENGSHOUZIZHONG.

  LIRUDUIGAO1.5mDEYAOQIANG,QINGZHINAIHUOZHUANSUOCHENGSHOUDEZUIDAYALIWEI0.15kg/cm2,DANGRANGAOWENXIAZHEIGEYALIHUIZENGDA.WEIBIANYUYUNSHUHESHIGONG,CANZHAOGUOWAIJINGYAN,0.8g/cm3HE1.0g/cm3,JIDEQINGZHINAIHUOZHUAN,QINAIYAQIANGDUFENBIEZAI15kg/cm2HE20kg/cm2ZUOYOUJIKE.

  3.热震稳定性

  GUOWAIGEBIAOZHUNZHONGWEIDUIQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANTICHUYAOQIU,YEMEIYOUJIANYANBIAOZHUN.ZHEIGEZHIBIAOSHICAILIAOXINGNENGDEZONGHEFANYING,DUIYAOLUDESHOUMINGYOUZHEZHONGYAOYINGXIANG.SHIJIANZHENGMING,QINGZHINAIHUOZHUANDESUNHUAIZHUYAOSHIKAILIEHEDUANTOU、DIAOJIAO.CANZHAOGUONEIWAIQINGZHINAIHUOZHUANREZHENWENDINGXINGDESHICEZHIBIAO,DUIYUGUNDAOYAOGAOWENBUWEIGONGZUOCENGDEQINGZHINAIHUOZHUAN,YINGYAOQIUQI950℃ZHIFENGLENGDEXUNHUANCISHUDAYU15CI.

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